Now you are probably wondering: What if I match up with another Stepp-Stapp perfectly on the first 12 numbers, but when I compare the rest of my 25 numbers, I only match up 24 out of 25? The answer to this question is simple: the more numbers that you have to compare, the more chances you have to NOT match up on one of them. I will describe this below:
Example A: You and another testee match up perfectly 25 out of 25 the numbers.
Example B: You and another testee match up 24 out of the 25 numbers.
Using the examples above, the testees in Example A would be more closely related than Example B, because they have more numbers that match. So by upgrading your test from a 12 to a 25 marker test will give you a better idea of how "closely" related you and that testee are. That is why some testees in the Abraham line have upgraded to the 25 marker test. More numbers will give us a better idea of which lines are more closely related, because we already know that there is a definite relation.
As you can see from this section of the DNA results chart.
The results for descendants of Abraham and Joshua match the results for a descendant of Thomas Stapp of Market-Rasen, Lincolnshire, England. This only means one thing: Abe and Josh are definitely related to the Lincolnshire, England Stapp family!
Of course we don't know exactly how they are all related, or what degree of cousins Abe and Josh might have been to Thomas, but we do know that they come from the same Stepp-Stapp family, and therefore the same part of England: Lincolnshire.
Testee #29684 is Malcolm Stapp of Hudderfield, Yorkshire, England. Thomas Stapp of Market-Rasen is Malcolm's 5th Great Grandfather. As of now, Thomas's father is unknown, but hopefully future research will establish the connection between Abe, Josh, and Thomas. That is why paper research is still essential in researching- the DNA results will tell you whether or not a person is related, but paperwork will tell you how they are related!